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Report Title

St Paul's Churchyard, Bedford, Bedfordshire: A Programme of Archaeological Observation, Investigation, Recording, Analysis and Publication

Publisher and Publication Year

Albion Archaeology - 2006

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Summary

Non-Technical Summary Bedford Design Group, working on behalf of Bedford Borough Council, proposed to construct a new access route into St Paul's Churchyard, St Paul's Square, Bedford. This involved works within, and adjacent to, the churchyard. Due to the archaeologically sensitive character of this land, a brief was issued by Bedfordshire County Council's Archaeological Officer (CAO) for a scheme of archaeological evaluation (BCC 2004a). Albion Archaeology was commissioned by Bedford Design Group to undertake the evaluation, which took place on 16th and 17th August 2004. A report on the results was issued on 8th September 2004. Based on the evaluation results, the CAO recognised that further work was needed during the construction period. A brief was issued for a scheme of archaeological observation, investigation, recording, analysis and publication (BCC 2004b). In response, a project design was produced to address the further work required (Albion Archaeology 2004b). The re-development of the church comprised work in five areas including demolition of public toilets, removal of a large earth mound, overburden removal within the footprint of a new driveway and repairs to the north wall of the churchyard. The programme of observation confirmed that significant archaeological remains did not exist at the levels reached during groundworks for this development, although they may lie undisturbed at a greater depth. Four 19th century brick-lined tombs were revealed during the works. These were backfilled with inert material and preserved in situ. All disarticulated human bone revealed during the development was re-buried within the churchyard. A Programme of Archaeological Observation, Investigation, Recording, Analysis and Publication 5 Albion Archaeology St. Paul's Churchyard, Bedford, Bedfordshire 1. INTRODUCTION
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Table of Contents

1. INTRODUCTION 6 1.1 Background 6 1.2 Site Location and Description 6 1.3 Archaeological and Historical Background 6 2. RESULTS OF OBSERVATION AND RECORDING 7 2.1 Introduction 7 2.2 Methodology 7 2.3 Extent and Nature of Development 7
3. SYNTHESIS OF RESULTS 10 3.1 Summary 10 3.2 Significance 10 4. BIBLIOGRAPHY 11 5. APPENDIX 12 5.1 Context Summary 12

Headings

2.5 Area 2: Removal of the mound 8
2.6 Area 3: Construction of the driveway 8
LIST OF PLATES
Preface
Structure of the Report
Key Terms
Non-Technical Summary
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background
1.2 Site Location and Description
1.3 Archaeological and Historical Background
2. RESULTS OF OBSERVATION AND RECORDING
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Methodology
2 All disturbed soil was scanned for artefacts.
3 Archaeological deposits were investigated to determine stratigraphic
4 Archaeological deposits were assessed for environmental evidence, taking
7 Significant features were recorded using a digital camera.
2.3 Extent and Nature of Development
2.5 Area 2: Removal of the mound
2.6 Area 3: Construction of the driveway
3. SYNTHESIS OF RESULTS
3.1 Summary
3.2 Significance
4. BIBLIOGRAPHY
5. APPENDIX
5.1 Context Summary
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